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School of Classical Studies 

AT Athens. 




Director of the School in i 883-1 884. 

With the Resolutions of the Committee, and a Report on the School 

for 1 883-1 884. 




[i\ j^MERICA. /^^ 

1 879. 



Press op 

J. S. Gushing & Co., 

138 Pearl St., 





Managing Committee, 


John Williams White {Chairman)^ Harvard University, Cambridge, 


Martin L. D'Ooge, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Mich. 

Henry Drisler, Columbia College, 48 West 46th St., New York, N. Y. 

Basil L. Gildersleeve, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Md. 

y William W. Goodwin, Harvard University, Cambridge, Mass. 

Albert Harkness, Brown University, Providence, R. I. 

Thomas W. Ludlow {Secretary)^ Yonkers, N. Y. 

Charles Eliot Norton {ex officio). Harvard University, Cambridge, 

Lewis R. Packard, Yale College, Director of the School, '0865 'A/zaXtas, 

Athens, Greece. 

Francis W. Palfrey, 255 Beacon St., Boston, Mass. 

Frederic J. de Peyster (Treasurer), 7 East 42d St., New York, N. Y. 

William M. Sloane, College of New Jersey, Princeton, N.J. 

W. S. Tyler, Amherst College, Amherst, Mass. 

J. C. Van Benschoten, Wesleyan University, Middletown, Conn. 


William Watson Goodwin, Ph.D., LL. D., Eliot Professor of Greek 
Literature in Harvard University. 1882-83. 

Lewis R. Packard, Ph.D., Hillhouse Professor of Greek in Yale Col- 
lege. 1883-84. 

Co-operating Colleges. 


Amherst College. Harvard University. 

Brown University. Johns Hopkins University. 

College of the City of New York. University of California. 

College of New Jersey. University of Michigan. 

Columbia College. University of Virginia. 

Cornell University. Wesleyan University. 

YalA College. 


ACCORDING to the Regulations of the American School 
of Classical Studies at Athens, it is the duty of the 
Director to make a full report to the Managing Committee at 
the end of his term of service. This report, with those of 
the Secretary of the Committee, is regularly published as the 
Bulletin of the School for the previous year. 

Owing to the lamented death, on October 26, 1884, of 
Professor Lewis R. Packard, the Director of the School 
during its second year, it becomes my sad duty to make 
good, as best I may, the report which Professor Packard was 
not able to write. From his letters to me, and from 
other sources, I. have written a brief account of the 
School during the year of his directorship. The present 
Bulletin contains also the Resolutions on the death of 
Professor Packard moved by the Committee on November 
21, 1884, and drafted by the first Director of the School; 
a Memoir, requested by the Committee on May 15, 1885, 
and written by the President of the Archaeological Insti- 
tute of America; and the reports of the Secretary of the 
Committee for its two sessions held on May 16 and 
November 21, 1884. 

Professor Packard accepted the directorship unanimously 
offered him by the Committee from a strong sense of duty 
to his College and to the cause of learning, but with serious 
misgiving. He doubtless over-exerted himself in making his 
preparations for departure, as the sea-voyage did not prove 
to be of that benefit to his health which his physicians 
had hoped. He fell seriously ill during the summer at 


Lucerne, and was detained there until the end of Sep- 
tember. He had hardly arrived at Athens when he was 
again prostrated. His illness laid fast hold upon him, and, 
although bravely combated with all the force of his resolute 
spirit, was too strong to be overcome. No situation could 
be more pathetic than was his. Surrounded on all hands 
by objects of supreme interest to him, his eager spirit was 
held in utter check by the feebleness of his body. For 
eight months he lived under the shadow of the Acropolis, 
but only once, toward the end of the year, was he able to pass 
through its ancient gate-way and stand upon its summit, 
and look abroad, for the last time as it proved, upon the 
fair land and sea, where once the mighty people held sway 
whose history, literature, and life had been for years the 
object of his devoted and appreciative study. 

The report of the work of the School for 1 883-1 884 
which is here given is confined to a mere statement of 
facts, and is necessarily meagre. Had Professor Packard, 
as he had fondly hoped, been able to study upon the ground 
the many problems demanding solution which present them- 
selves to the Committee in charge of the School, his counsel 
would have been of the greatest value. Those who knew 
him, who had discerned under a quiet exterior the extent of 
his learning and the independence of his judgments, who saw 
how strong and brilliant his mind was, and how quick and 
sympathetic his comprehension of all the new aspects which 
the study of Classical Antiquity is constantly presenting, 
will understand the great loss which the lovers of ancient 
learning in America have sustained through his inability to 
address them upon the themes which lay so near his heart, 
and on which he was so singularly well-fitted to speak. 

November x, 1885. Chairman of the Committee. 


RESOLVED, that, as members of the Managing Committee 
of the American School of Classical Studies at Athens, 
we have suffered a great and irreparable loss by the death of 
our late associate. Professor Lewis R. Packard. Our deepest 
sympathies were with him during the year of his directorship 
at Athens, which began with bright hopes soon to be clouded 
by ever deepening sorrow ; and we now testify to our appre- 
ciation of the great sacrifice which he made for us by 
remaining bravely at his post in his determination to serve, 
so far as his powers permitted, the interests he had in charge. 
We shall always remember most gratefully that he devoted 
his last and most precious strength to the good of the 
School in the promotion of whose welfare we were all 

Resolved, that we place on record our deep sense of the 
loss which classical learning in the United States has sus- 
tained by the death of a scholar who by his untiring zeal, his 
conscientious accuracy, and his strict fidelity to every duty 
did so much to advance the cause of sound scholarship 
among us. 


LEWIS R. PACKARD, late Hillhouse Professor of Greek 
at Yale College, and second Annual Director of the 
American School of Classical Studies at Athens, was born in 
Philadelphia on the 22d of August, 1836. He died at New 
Haven on the 26th of October, 1884. 

His life from youth was that of a scholar, and its course 
was of unusual tranquillity and purity. 

On leaving College in 1856 it was his intention to devote 
himself to the Christian ministry. Having obtained a gradu- 
ate scholarship he continued his studies for a year at New 
Haven. In 1857-8 he visited Europe, and entering the Uni- 
versity at Berlin, gave himself especially to the study of Greek. 
In the spring of 1858 he visited Greece, and derived from 
this visit not merely that actual acquaintance with localities, 
scenery and climate, by which the impressions derived from 
books are corrected and vivified, but also, what is even of 
more importance, that quickening of the imagination by 
which a student is brought into vital sympathy with the 
thought and life of the writers of past times from whose 
works his intelligence has derived its best nurture. Mr. 
Packard's finely-strung temperament, quick and delicate per- 
ceptions, and natural appreciation of excellence, fitted him in 
a rare degree to profit by the opportunities afforded by his 
residence in Europe. On returning to America in 1859 ^^ 
was appointed tutor in Yale College, and, four years after- 
ward, he was elected Professor of Greek. In 1866 having 


been made Hillhouse Professor of Greek, he went again to 
Europe, and spent the winter of 1866-67 in Athens. Re- 
turning in 1867 he resumed his work as Professor, and for 
the next sixteen years closely devoted himself to the duties 
of his office. 

Faithful, laborious, accurate in his own scholarship, with a 
high and exacting standard of personal attainment, he ex- 
pected and demanded of his students thoroughness in prepa- 
ration of their work, and fidelity in the performance of the 
task assigned to them. He was an example to them "of 
earnestness of purpose, and conscientious discharge of duty." 

He was heartily devoted to the welfare of the College of 
which he was an officer, and found full occupation and inter- 
est in the promotion of sound learning and manly discipline 
within its walls. 

When still a young man, not more than thirty-five years of 
age, he was attacked by an insidious, chronic disease, which 
thenceforward allowed him but a precarious hold on life. But 
he did not relax his efforts in the pursuit of learning, or in 
the performance of the stated duties of his post. 

He took an active interest in the work of the American 
Philological Association, and in 1881 he delivered as its 
President, at its Annual Meeting, a striking address on the 
" Morality and Religion of the Greeks." The address exhibits 
the serious thoughtfulness, the liberal temper, the solid learn- 
ing of its author. It is the expression of the carefully formed 
opinions of a student of life as well as of books, upon a topic 
of wide human interest, indicating the true final object of the 
enlightened student of Philology to be the knowledge of man, 
and the acquisition of the means for the judgment of conduct, 
and the understanding of history, and not, as its votaries too 
frequently give reason for supposing, mere acquaintance with 
forms of speech, interpretation of texts, and compilation of 



isolated facts. This address remains as a dignified, and not 
altogether insufficient memorial of the character as well as 
the attainments of its writer. 

Professor Packard was the original member from Yale Col- 
lege of the. Committee on the School at Athens, and he was 
the unanimous choice of its other members as the successor 
of Professor Goodwin in the Directorship of the School. The 
frail condition of his health caused him to hesitate seriously 
in respect to accepting the position, but finally, with the hope 
that the residence of a year in Greece might be of benefit to 
his physical condition, he consented to the wish of the Com- 
mittee. The hope in which he had been encouraged proved 
vain; his malady increased upon him, and the whole of his 
stay at Athens was a period of illness and depression. His 
last services to learning were rendered as Director of the 
School. He returned home in June, 1884, and four months 
afterward he died. He had lonr fronted death with a com- 
posure based upon firm religious convictions and principles. 
His cheerful composure lasted to the end. 

There was a rare unity in the character and life of Profes- 
sor Packard. His moral nature gave force and direction to 
his intellectual aims. The clearness of his mind was the 
symbol of the purity of his soul. The accuracy of his learn- 
ing bore the stamp of his moral integrity. Singularly modest, 
simple and sincere, his work as a scholar afforded constant 
illustration of the prevailing traits of his disposition, — it was 
ad naturam eximiam atque illustrem cpnformatio doctrines. 


For the Year i 883-1 884. 

PROFESSOR PACKARD arrived at Athens with his 
family October 6, 1883, and at once opened the School 
in the house on the 'OS09 'A/^aXta? which had been occupied 
by the Director during the first year. He had suffered from 
serious illness on his journey South, and had requested Dr. 
J. R. S. Sterrett, who was then at Smyrna, about to depart 
into the interior of Asia Minor in prosecution of epigraphi- 
cal researches, to return to Athens and assist him in con- 
ducting the work of the School. Dr. Sterrett generously 
relinquished his own plans, and returning to Athens devoted 
himself with great fidelity to the interests of the School 
until May, 1884. He then joined Mr. W. M. Ramsay at 
Smyrna, which had been agreed upon as the starting-point of 
an archaeological journey to be made in Asia Minor during 
the following summer. Dr. Sterrett had been a member of 
the School during 1 882-1 883, and his experience enabled 
him to be of much service to the tWb students who were 
members during the second year. By his own example of 
untiring work, and by his willingness to render aid in every 
possible way, he did much to make good the loss which they 
sustained in consequence of the protracted illness of the 
Director. Toward the end of October Professor Packard was 
prostrated by an attack of fever, and from this he recov- 
ered very slowly. He was confined to the house until the end 
of January, and after this he had not the strength to direct 
the work of the School except by occasional advice. The 


evening meetings, which had been a pleasant and profitable 
feature of the School's work during the first year, and to 
which Professor Packard had looked forward with high antici- 
pation, were necessarily abandoned. Notwithstanding his 
feeble condition of health, Professor Packard remained at 
Athens until near the end of the year, not sailing for New 
York until May 25, 1884. 

During the year valuable additions were made to the 
library under the orders of the Director. These were 
mainly books and monographs on archaeology, being espe- 
cially such as deal with questions relating to Athens and 
Attica. The amount expended on the library by the Com- 
mittee was ;^66 1. 59. In addition to this sum, j^SOO was gen- 
erously contributed by a friend of the School then temporarily 
in Athens. The books purchased with this gift were selec- 
ted by the Hon. Eugene Schuyler, at that time Minister 
of the United States at Athens. The entire expenses at 
Athens for the year were as follows : — 

Books and periodicals J661.59 

Furniture 122.55 

Remitted to Dr. Sterrett 500.00 

House-rent and hire of servant 998.68 


The remittance to Dr. Sterrett was sent by unanimous vote 
of the Committee, "as an expression of their gratitude for 
the services rendered by him to the School, and of their 
interest in and high appreciation of the results of his personal 
studies." The expenses of Dr. Sterrett's journey during the 
summer of 1884 were paid with the sums just mentioned, 
• and an additional amount of $402, contributed by various 
friends of the School. 


Two students were in regular attendance at the School 
during the year. These were 

Walter Ray Bridgman, A. B. (Yale College, 1881), 
holder of the Soldiers' Memorial, Fellowship in Yale Col- 

Alexander Martin Wilcox, A. B. (Yale College, 1877), 
Ph. D. (Yale College, 1880). 

Notwithstanding the special disadvantage under which 
these gentlemen labored in consequence of the illness of the 
Director, the work accomplished by them is worthy of high 
commendation. With the exception of about a month, they 
both lived with a Greek family during their entire stay at 
Athens. They were kindly assisted in making this arrange- 
ment by the Rev. M. D. Kalopothakes. By Dr. Sterrett 
they were introduced to other Greeks whose acquaintance 
was of value to them. They were received with especial cour- 
tesy at the German School, and were invited to attend its 
meetings. Mr. Bridgman travelled with one of its members 
for two weeks in Attica, Thessaly, and Phocis. 

Mr. Bridgman's work may be summarized as follows. He 
first made himself acquainted in a general way with the 
topography and antiquities of the city, pursuing at the same 
time the study of modern Greek and making local excur- 
sions. After a short journey in Peloponnesus, he devoted 
three month's study to the architecture of the Parthenon 
and to the Erechtheum ; to this he afterwards added a 
general survey of the other ancient constructions and of the 
contents of the museums. He then made a tour to Ther- 
mopylae, Delphi, and Thebes, and a second journey through 
Peloponnesus. After this he visited Smyrna, Assos, and the 
Troad, and later Sicily. Two months of the following sum- 
mer were spent in the art museums of Italy, Munich, and„ 


London. His thesis will probably discuss the Isthmus of 

Mr. Wilcox arrived in Athens October 6, 1883, and 
left it finally June 13, 1884. He entered the School as 
a member of the second of the two classes named in the 
report of the Director of the previous year, not as a 
specialist in archaeology, but as a general student of classic 
antiquity, for general cultivation in Greek studies. His 
work in Athens, apart from his study of Modern Greek, 
comprised an examination of nearly all the remains of anti- 
quity in the city ; but he devoted most time to the Propylaea, 
with especial reference to the ancient Greek entrance- way and 
to the older Propylaea. He made a careful study also of the 
Parthenon, with especial reference to the older building. 
His thesis will discuss some parts of the Propylaea. Out- 
side of Athens, Mr. Wilcox spent about seven weeks in 
Greece, two in Asia Minor, and two in Sicily and lower 
Italy. The rest of the twelve months of study required by 
the Regulations of the School he spent in the museums of 
art in Germany, Italy, and London. 

It is probable that the theses of Mr. Bridgman and Mr. 
Wilcox will be included in the second volume of Papers 
of the School, which, it is hoped, will be published during 
the year 1 885-1 886. 

Besides the two regular members there were temporarily 
connected with the School Mr. Edward G. Coy (Yale, 1869), 
of Phillips Andover Academy, and Mr. Hamilton King (Oli- 
vet College, 1882), Principal of the Preparatory Department 
of Olivet College. These gentlemen arrived at Athens in 
March, accepted the hospitality of the School, and took 
part in some of the excursions. 




May 1 6, 1884. 

'TPHE Managing Committee of the American School of 

-*- Classical Studies at Athens held its fifth regular semi- 
annual meeting on Friday, May 16, 1884, at the house of 
Professor C. E. Norton, Cambridge, Mass. Present, Profes- 
sors White (Chairman), Goodwin, Norton, Van Benschoten, 
Tyler, Sloane, and General Palfrey. 

The Secretary being absent. Professor Sloane was ap- 
pointed Secretary /n? tern. 

The Minutes of the last regular meeting were read and ap- 

The Chairman reported as follows : — 

That in December, 1883, he had appointed General Palfrey, 
Mr. de Peyster, and Professor Sloane, as the provisional 
committee on endowment. 

That he and Mr. Ludlow had, as directed by the Commit- 
tee, sent a circular letter to the President and Faculty, and 
also to the Professor of Greek, of each cooperating college, 
stating what opportunities the School offers, inviting them 
to call the attention of their students to these, and asking 
'them to urge upon their Trustees the establishment of 

That the certificates for the students of the School were 
ready for signature. 


That his third report to the Archaeological Institute, con- 
taining a codification of the regulations of this Committee, 
was now ready, and that he requested suggestions from 
members of the Committee as to any necessary alterations 
before the final adoption of that code at the next November 

That he had sent an iftvitation to the University of Penn- 
sylvania to join in the support of the School, and that this 
had been accepted. 

That the total number of colleges that had agreed to 
contribute to the support of the School was now fifteen, 
and that the total paid up income for the past year was 

A preliminary report from Professor Packard, the Director 
of the School, was read and ordered to be placed on file. 

General Palfrey reported that the provisional committee 
on endowment were unanimous and emphatic in the opinion 
that the times made present action unadvisable. The com- 
mittee was continued. 

The whole matter of a house, building-lot, and whatever 
pertains to the permanent establishment of the School in 
Athens was referred to Professor Van Benschoten, with the 
request that he should report as early after his arrival at 
Athens as possible. 

It was voted that a letter of thanks be sent to the gentle- 
man who had contributed 1^500 to the library of the School 
but desired his name to be withheld, signed by the Chairman 
and by the first and second Directors of the School. 

Professor Van Benschoten read a letter asking whether 
the School was open to women, and whether the committee 
would receive Miss Julia Latimer among its students. 

It was voted that Miss Latimer be informed that the 
privileges of the School would be extended to her on the 


conditions mentioned in Article VIII. of the Regula- 

The Chairman read an application from Daniel Quinn, 
of Mount St. Mary's College, for membership in the School. 
The certificates presented were deemed satisfactory, and his 
application was granted. 

A letter from Professor B. L. Gildersleeve, declining the 
appointment as fourth Director, was read. 

It was voted to elect a Director and an alternate to 
succeed Professor Van Benschoten. Dr. Drisler was unani- 
mously elected Director, and Professor D*Ooge alternate. 

The Chairman made a statement with regard to the 
previous action of the Committee in making a grant of 
$500 to Dr. Sterrett in consideration of his work for the 
School during Dr. Packard's illness, and expressed the de- 
sirability of connecting Dr. Sterrett permanently with the 
School in some position, such as that of Secretary to the 
Director. He also read letters describing Dr. Sterrett's in- 
tended journey. Professor Norton stated that the Executive 
Committee of the Archaeological Institute, being desirous to 
promote Dr. Sterrett's work and researches, might supple- 
ment any remuneration which this Committee voted to pay 

It was voted that Dr. Sterrett be appointed Secretary of 
the School for the coming year, at a salary of j^soo. 

The first paragraph of the resolution of the sub-com- 
mittee on publication was changed so as to read : " There 
shall be published annually, after the meeting of the Man- 
aging Committee in November, a Bulletin which shall con- 
tain the reports for the previous year of the Director of 
the School and of the Secretary of the Committee, with 
any other items of information relating to the School not 
included in these reports." 


The third paragraph was changed so as to read : " The 
publications of the School shall be in charge of a perma- 
nent editor, to be elected by the Managing Committee, and 
shall be edited by him with the assistance of the Director 
under whom the papers have been written, and of the Sec- 
retary of the Committee." 

The following appropriations for 1884-85 were voted : 
$1,000 for the use of the Director in payment of rent and 
service; $1,000 for the library; $400 for incidental expen- 
ses and furniture. 

The Committee adjourned. 


Secretary pro tern. 


November 21, 1884. 

The Managing Committee of the American School of 
Classical Studies at Athens held its sixth regular semi-annual 
meeting on Friday, November 21, 1884, at the house of 
Professor William M. Sloane, Princeton, N. J. Present, 
Professors White (Chairman), Norton, Goodwin, Drisler, 
Sloane, Harkness, General Palfrey, Messrs. de Peyster and 

The minutes of the last regular meeting were read and 

It was voted that the Chair appoint a committee of three 
to draw up appropriate resolutions upon the death of Pro- 
fessor Lewis R. Packard, late Director of the School at 
Athens, and a member of this Committee. The Chair ap- 
pointed Professors Norton, Drisler, and Goodwin, as the 

The Chairman announced that, in accordance with the 
resolution passed at the meeting of November 16, 1883, 
publication of the theses of the students of the first year had 
been begun, and that the first volume of Papers of the School 
would probably be issued before March i, 1885. 

The Treasurer then read his report and a statement of his 
accounts, showing that there remained a balance in the treas- 
ury to the credit of the School of $1,910.21. 

A letter was read from J. H. C. Bont^, Esq., Secretary of 
the Board of Regents of the University of California, stating 
that the acceptance of the invitation of the Committee by 
the Regents, in March, 1883, was provisional, and that they 
were now obliged to withdraw their subscription. Another 
letter was read from Dr. William Pepper, Provost of the 


University of Pennsylvania, announcing the withdrawal of 
that University from the association of colleges supporting 
the School. 

It was voted that the Chair appoint a committee of two 
to audit the Treasurer's accounts. Dr. Drisler and Mr. 
Ludlow were appointed. 

It was voted that the Treasurer have printed for the 
use of the Committee, after the auditing of his accounts, a 
detailed statement of the receipts and expenditures of the 
Committee for each year of the School, from the begin- 
ning, and that he add to this statement an itemized account 
for the previous year, and an estimate of the income and 
expenditure of the next year. 

The Chairman interpreted the grant of j^soo made at 
the last meeting to Dr. Sterrett as Secretary of the School, 
as implying that eight months' service was expected ; and 
that for such time, therefore, as Dr. Sterrett should be 
absent upon the Wolfe Expedition to Babylonia, or upon 
other business not connected with the School, a propor- 
tionate deduction should be made. This view was accepted 
by the Committee. 

It was voted that the Chairman be requested to take steps 
to obtain all papers relating to the School left by Profes- 
sor Packard, to classify them, and to refer them to such 
sub-committees as had been provided for, or make what 
other disposition of them should be demanded by the inter- 
ests of the School. 

It was voted that, with such data as could be obtained 
from Professor Packard's letters and papers, or elsewhere, 
the Secretary compile a report upon his year of Director- 
ship, and that this be published in the second Bulletin of 
the School. 

A letter was read from Professor Van Benschoten, the 


third Director, announcing that he had arrived in Athens 
and taken charge of the School. He said that in company 
with the Minister of the United States, the Hon. Eugene 
Schuyler, he had seen the Prime Minister of Greece, Mr. Tri- 
coupes, who had expressed interest in the School and the wil- 
lingness of his Government to present to it a site for a build- 
ing. A site upon the eastern slope of Mount Lykabettos 
was suggested, near that granted to the British School. The 
sentiment of the Committee was opposed to undue haste 
in acquiring a site, before a fund for building was assured. 

After further discussion of the proposed site and of the 
necessity of immediate action, it was voted that Professor 
Van Benschoten be requested to offer to the Prime Minister 
of Greece the grateful acknowledgments of the Committee 
for his offer of a site for a building for the School ; to in- 
form him that the Committee had at present no means for 
building, but that it hoped at some future time to be enabled 
to erect a suitable house ; and to ask whether the delay would 
cause his Government to withdraw the offer. 

It was voted that Professor Van Benschoten be further re- 
quested, in case the offer should not be withdrawn, to send 
to the Committee a plan of Mount Lykabettos, with the site 
offered marked upon it. 

General Palfrey, Chairman of the provisional committee 
on endowment, reported that his committee had done noth- 
ing toward obtaining funds, and that, in his opinion, the time 
was not opportune to make any effort now. The committee 
was continued. 

The Committee proceeded to discuss the subject of the 
rent of its building in Athens. The rent paid for the year 
1882-83 was 4,cxx) drachmas ; for the years 1883-84 and 1884- 
85, 4,400 drachmas. Professor Van Benschoten's letter in- 
formed the Committee that the owner of the house. Dr. Mak- 


kas, intended to raise the rent to 5,000 drachmas for the year 
1885-86, and that a decision as to the renewal of the lease 
must be given him by March i, 1885. Professor Van Ben- 
schoten's opinion was that the rent asked was too high ; but 
Professor Goodwin doubted whether it would be possible to 
do better, or even to find another building so convenient. 

It was voted that Professor Van Benschoten be requested 
to see whether it was possible to hire a house in Athens for 
the School on better terms than those offered by Dr. Makkas, 
and that the matter be placed in his hands with authority to 
act, the limit of the rent for 1885-86 being fixed at 5,000 

It was voted that the amount of the insurance policy 
upon the property of the School in Athens be based upon the 
value of the property, and be left to Professor Van Benscho- 
ten's discretion. 

The Committee proceeded to consider the subject of in- 
creasing the attendance of students at the School. The Com- 
mittee agreed that the existence of the School was not widely 
enough known ; and the question was asked whether it would 
not be well to advertise it in some of the chief newspapers 
throughout the country. Professor Sloane said that the Col- 
lege of New Jersey intended to notice the School in its forth- 
coming catalogue, and he advised the Committee to seek to 
obtain as wide advertisement as possible by requesting colleges 
throughout the country to follow this example of Princeton. 

It was voted that the Secretary request the proper officers 
of such colleges of the United States as he may select to 
insert in their catalogues some notice of the opportunities 
offered by the School, and to bring. these opportunities to 
the attention of their students. 

It was voted that the Secretary send to these colleges, for 
their information, copies of the Regulations of the School, 
with a proper introductory statement. 



It was voted that in Regulation XI. the words "but who 
come properly recommended as earnest students " be stricken 
out ; and .that the words "will receive" be replaced by "may 
apply for." 

It was voted that in Regulation V. the words " from the 
Professors of the Colleges uniting in the support of the 
School " be stricken out. 

It was voted that the regulations governing the publications 
of the School, as adopted and amended, be added to the 
Regulations of the School. 

The Committee received from Dr. J. R. S. Sterrett, through 
the committee on publication, the preliminary report of his 
archaeological journey in Asia Minor during the summer of 
1884, and ordered it to be printed immediately. 

The Committee proceeded to the election of Directors for 
the ensuing terms. It was voted that Professor M. L. 
D'Ooge, of the University of Michigan, be requested to take 
the Directorship for the year 1886-87. 

The Chairman announced that Dr. Drisler declined his 
election as Director for the year 1885-86, and was not able 
to reconsider hi^ decision. Professor Albert Harkness, of 
Brown University, was thereupon unanimously elected 
Director of the School for the year 1885-86. 

It was voted that Professors Thomas D. Seymour, of Yale 
College, and John H. Wheeler, of the University of Vir- 
ginia, be invited to become members of the Managing 

The Chairman reported that, owing to Professor Packard's 
death, the certificates of the students of the first two years 
of the School lacked his signature. 

It was voted that the Chairman enter Professor Packard's 
name as Director upon the certificates of the students of 
1883-84; that the place for Professor Packard's name remain 


blank upon the certificates of the students of 1882-83 > ^^^ 
that the Chairman append to the certificates a note explain- 
ing in the case of the first the reason why the Director's 
name was written by him, and in that of the others why 
Professor Packard's name was wanting. 
The Committee adjourned. 



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J U cJ .> 

4 .1 J 




• • 

The American School of Classical Studies at Athens, pro- 
jected by the Archaeological Institute of America, and organ- 
ized under the immediate auspices of some of the leading 
American colleges, was opened on October 2, 1882. It occu- 
pies a house on the 'OS09 'A/taX/a?, in a convenient and 
healthy quarter of Athens. A large room is set apart for the 
use of the students, is lighted in the evening, and is warmed 
in cold weather. In it is kept the library of the School, which 
includes a complete set of the Greek classics, and the most 
necessary books of reference for philological, archaeological, 
and architectural study in Greece. The library contains at 
the present time about 1500 volumes, exclusive of sets of 


The advantages of the School are offered free of expense 
for tuition to graduates of colleges co-operating in its support, 
and to other American students deemed by the committee of 
sufficient promise to warrant the extension to them of the 
privilege of membership. 

The School is unable to provide its students with board 
or lodging, or with any allowance for other expenses. It is 
hoped that the Archaeological Institute may in time be sup- 
plied with the means of establishing scholarships. In the 
meantime, students must rely upon their own resources, or 
upon scholarships which may be granted them by the colleges 
to which they belong. The amount needed for the expenses 
of an eight months* residence in. Athens differs little from 

» • • 


• • • » 


r. ' 

' •. • • 

• • 

'. '. • ' 

that,re(}uired in other European capitals, and depends chiefly 

• • •^ feconomy of the individual. 
., ''^'A peculiar feature of the present temporary organization of 
. .* J'. V the School, which distinguishes it from the older German and 
French schools at Athens, is the yearly change of director. 
That the director should, through all the future history of the 
School, continue to be sent out under an annual appointment 
is an arrangement which would be as undesirable as it would 
be impossible. But such an arrangement is not contemplated. 
When established by a permanent endowment, the School will 
be under the control of a permanent director, a scholar who by 
continuous residence at Athens will accumulate that body of 
local and special knowledge without which the highest func- 
tions of such a school cannot be attained. In the meantime the 
School is enabled by its present organization to meet a want of 
great importance. It cannot hope immediately to accomplish 
such original work in archaeological investigation as will put it 
on a level with the German and French schools. These draw 
their students from bodies of picked men, specially trained 
for the place. The American School seeks at the first 
rather to arouse in American colleges a lively interest in 
classical archaeology, than to accomplish distinguished achieve- 
ments. The lack of this interest heretofore is conspicuous. 
Without it, the School at Athens, however well endowed, 
cannot accomplish the best results. It is beyond dispute that 
the presence in various colleges of professors who have been 
resident a year at Athens under favorable circumstances, as 
directors or as students of the School, will do much to 
increase American appreciation of antiquity. 

The address of Professor J. W. White, Chairman of the 
Committee, is Cambridge, Mass. ; of Mr. T. W. Ludlow, 
Secretary, Yonkers, N. Y. ; of Mr. F. J. de Peyster, Treas- 
urer, 7 East 42d Street, New York. 



I. The object of the American School of Classical Studies 
is to furnish, without charge for tuition, to graduates of Amer- 
ican Colleges and to other qualified students, an opportunity 
to study Classical Literature, Art, and Antiquities in Athens, 
under suitable guidance ; to prosecute and to aid original re- 
search in these subjects ; and to co-operate with the Archae- 
ological Institute of America, so far as it may be able, in 
conducting the exploration and excavation of Classic sites. 

II. The School is in charge of a Managing Committee, 
and under the superintendence of a Director. The Director 
of the School and the President of the Archaeological Insti- 
tute are ex officio members of the Managing Committee. 
This Committee, which was originally appointed by the 
Archaeological Institute, has power to add to its member- 
ship, to administer the finances of the School, and to make 
such regulations for its government as it may deem proper. 

III. The Managing Committee meets semi-annually, in 
New York on the third Friday in November, and in Boston 
on the third Friday in May. Special meetings may be called 
at any time by the Chairman. 

IV. The Chairman of the Committee is the official rep- 
resentative of the interests of the School in America. He 
presents a Report annually to the Archaeological Institute 
concerning the affairs of the School. 

V. The Director is chosen by the Committee for a period' 
of one or two years. The Committee provides him with a^ 


house in Athens, containing apartments for himself and his 
family, and suitable rooms for the meetings of the members 
of the School, its collections, and its library. 

VI. The Director superintends personally the work of 
each member of the School, advising him in what direction 
to turn his studies, and assisting him in their prosecution. 
He conducts no regular courses of instruction, but holds 
meetings of the members of the School at stated times 
for consultation and discussion. He makes a full report 
annually to the Managing Committee of the work accom- 
plished by the School. 

Vn. The school year extends from the ist of October to 
the 1st of June. Members are required to prosecute their 
studies during the whole of this time in Greek lands under 
the supervision of the Director. The studies of the remain- 
ing four months necessary to complete a full year (the 
shortest term for which a certificate is given) may be car- 
ried on in Greece or elsewhere, as the student prefers. 

Vni. Bachelors of Arts of co-operating Colleges, and 
all Bachelors of Arts who have studied at one of these 
Colleges as candidates for a higher degree, are admitted 
to membership in the School on presenting to the Com- 
mittee a certificate from the instructors in Classics of the 
College at which they have last studied, stating that they 
are competent to pursue an independent course of study 
at Athens under the advice of the Director. All other per- 
sons desiring to become members of the School must make 
application to the Committee. The Committee reserves the 
right to modify these conditions of membership. 

IX. Each member of the School must pursue some defi- 
nite subject of study or research in Classical Literature, Art, 
or Antiquities, and must present at least one thesis, embody- 
ing the results of some important part of his year's work. 


These theses, if approved by the Director, are sent to the 
Managing Committee, by which each thesis is referred to a 
sub-committee of three members, of whom two are appointed 
by the Chairman, and the third is always the Director under 
whose supervision the thesis was prepared. If recommended 
for publication by this sub-committee, the thesis may be 
issued in the Papers of the School. 

X. When any member of the School has completed one 
or more full years of study, the results of which have been 
approved by the Director, he receives a certificate stating 
the work accomplished by him, signed by the Director of 
the School, the President of the Archaeological Institute, and 
the other members of the Managing Committee. 

XI. American students resident or travelling in Greece 
who are not members of the School may apply for the assist- 
ance and advice of the Director in the prosecution of their 
studies, and will be allowed at his discretion to use the 
library belonging to the School. 





1. There shall be published annually, after the meeting of 
the Managing Committee in November, a Bulletin which 
shall contain the reports for the previous year of the Director 
of the School and of the Secretary of the Committee, with 
any other matter relating to the School not included in those 

2. There shall be published also annually a volume of 
Papers of the School, to be made up from the work of the 
Director and the students during the preceding school year. 
This volume shall be conformed in general style to the 
Papers of the Archaeological Institute. 

3. The publications of the School shall be in charge of a 
permanent editor, to be elected by the Managing Committee, 
and shall be edited by him with the assistance of the 
Director under whom the papers have been written, and of 
the Secretary of the Committee. 

4. * The expense of the publications shall be met from the 
'funds of the School to an amount not exceeding j^iooo per 

5. The publications shall be issued to the public at a price 
to be fixed by the Publication Committee. They shall be 
sent free to the libraries of the co-operating Colleges, and to 
such learned bodies as the Committee may select. They 


may be exchanged, for the benefit of the School, with other 
like publications. 

6. Copies of the publications may also be placed with lead- 
ing booksellers for sale at a proper discount. 

7. The proceeds of subscriptions and sales shall be appro- 
priated toward the costs of publication. 



The following is a list of the publications of the American 
School of Classical Studies at Athens. The Annual Reports 
of the Committee may be had gratis by application to the 
Secretary. The other publications are for sale by Messrs. 
Cupples, Upham, & Co., 283 Washington Street, Boston, 

First Annual Report of the Committee. 1881-82. pp. 13. 
Second Annual Report of the Committee. 1882-83. pp. 15. 
Third Annual Report of the Committee. 1883-84. pp. 20. 
Fourth Annual Report of the Committee. 1884-85. pp. 30. 

Bulletin I. Report of William W. Goodwin, Director of the School 
in 1882-83. pp. 33. Price 25 cents. . 

Bulletin II. Memoir of Lewis R. Packard, Director of the School 
in 1883-84, with Resolutions of the Committee and a Report for 
1883-84. pp. 32. Price 25 cents. 


Volume I. 1882-83. Edited by William W. Goodwin and 
Thomas W. Ludlow. 8vo. Flexible covers, pp. viii and 262. 
Illustrated. Price ;? 2.00. Containing, — 

1. Inscriptions of Assos, edited by J. R. S. Sterrett. 

2. Inscriptions of Tralles, edited by J. R. S. Sterrett. 

3. The Theatre of Dionysus, by James R. Wheeler. 

4. The Olympieion at Athens, by Louis Bevier. 

5. The Erechtheion at Athens, by Harold N. Fowler. 

6. The Battle of Salamis, by William W. Goodwin. 

Also : 

Preliminary Report of an Archaeological Journey made in Asia 
Minor during the Summer of 1884. By J. R. S. Sterrett. pp. 45. 
Price 25 cents. 


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